Organ transplantation: what, whom, when?

Organ Transplant First

When made the first heart transplantation? And who was the first kidney transplant? Do not know? Means you need to read this article. So here we go!

Heart

The first heart transplantation was made more than 40 years ago – December 3, 1967. Cardio surgeon Christian Barnard has made an operation in Groote Scour Hospital –¬† Keyptaun, South Africa. The patient was Louis Washkansky, the donor – a girl named Denise Dorval, who irreversibly damaged her brain after a car accident. The operation took 9 hours, and patient lived 18 days after it, died later from pneumonia.

Kidney

Dr. Joseph Murray was first who carried out kidney transplantation. December 23, 1954 in Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston. The patient was seriously ill twenty-three year old Richard Herrick, his twin brother Ronald donated a kidney. Operation has passed successfully, Richard lived eight years thereafter. Using a strong immunosuppressants after the operation was not required, as the kidney has been taken from near relative with similar genes.

Cornea

The ophthalmologist Edward Zirm has made the world’s first transplant surgery of the cornea to Aluis Glodar, December 7 ,1907. Aluis worked on a construction site and damaged both his eyes. 11 year old Karl Brauer, who was a donor, in the eyes were implanted metal substitutes and carefully removed his cornea for transplantation. Methods of this operation, by the way, still has not changed and in our time recovery and corneal transplantation is performing by this method.

Liver

The first liver transplantation was carried out by Dr. Thomas Starzl at the Colorado University Denver in 1963. Unfortunately, the patient died a few days after the operation. After 4 years, the doctor has performed another one more similar operation, after which the patient lived for more than a year. Both transplanted organs now are located in the Medical Research Center of the University of Colorado in recognition Thomas Starzl the founder of modern transplantation.

Lung

First lung transplantation was carried out by Dr. James D. Hardy at the University of Mississippi  June 11, 1963. The operation was not very successful, the patient has died 18 days after it because of liver failure. The donor of lung died shortly before the operation from myocardial infarction. First successful operation was carried out by Dr. Joel Cooper from University of Toronto in 1983.


Pancreas

First pancreas transplantation was held by Dr. Richard Lillehei and Dr. William Kelly in the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis in 1966. Donor organ was transplanted to twenty-eight year old woman. Despite the fact that the operation was successful, the patient died three months later from pulmonary embolism (blockage of the vessel).

Hand

First case of transplantation an entire human hand was carried out by Dr. Earl Evan and Dr. Jean-Michel Dubernard in French Lyon September 23, 1998. The patient was Clint Hallam from New Zealand and the operation took 14 hours. After the operation Hallam had refused to take prescribed immunosuppressive drugs, so after three years the hand was rejected and amputated at the request of the patient.

Face

The face transplantation was held November 27, 2005. It was held by Dr. Jean-Michel Bernard and Dr.Bernard Davashel in Amiens, France. A patient was Isabelle Dinora, whose face was mutilated by a dog bites. The triangular fragment of skin in a zone the nose and mouth was transplanted from the donor with brain-dead. Operation has passed successfully, despite some discomfort for the patient in the first period after the surgery.

Ovary

First ovarian transplant operation took place in 2007. It was carried out by Dr. Sherman Silber in St. Louis Medical Center, Missouri. He transplanted the right ovary from Dorothy Tilly to her sister Susan Butcher. Both sisters was 38 years old on the moment of operation, both surgeries lasted 4 hours and on their bellies remained tiny scar of about a centimeter. Because of the genetic identity Suzanne did not have to take strong drugs to suppress the immune system, which is the rule in such operations. Moreover one year after the operation this woman became pregnant and successfully gave birth to a baby girl, before the operation she was barren because of ovarian dysfunction. As you can see, the operation was successful.