Surgeon is a specialist who concerned with treatment of acute and chronic diseases with help of surgery. The modern surgeon is a specialist of the highest class and his profession goes back in the deepest antiquity. Surgery is one of the oldest branches of medicine. Human’s life is often depends on professionalism and knowledge of the surgeon. For this reason it’s safe to consider this profession one of the most difficult and important in medicine.
The main work of a surgeon – is carrying out the numerous operations. Usually the process of surgical treatment involves three steps: patient preparation for the surgery, anesthesia and surgical intervention itself. At the same time all the work of the surgeon at the third stage can be divided into three main types: diagnostic operations which also called the radical and the palliative. How would it didn’t sound scary, but sometimes for setting more accurate diagnosis the surgery is required. In some cases, only this method gives the one correct diagnosis.
Palliative operation is normally just facilitates the patient’s condition for a limited period of time. The radical one is aimed at one-time complete removal of the existing pathology. The surgeon is dealing with three types of patients – emergency, elective and urgent. Emergency operations – is the hardest work that requires the immediate implementation of the specialist. The urgent one allows preparing the patient and give time for more accurate diagnosis. Elective operation is carried out after the detailed examination of the patient.
Over time, the surgery has changed, and methods of elimination certain pathologies and surgical instruments was changed too. At present, the surgical intervention is minimized by applying, so-called minimally invasive surgery. For this purpose is using a laparoscopic technique, roentgen endovascular surgery and mini-accesses. Alongside with this trend, the modern surgery has followed the reconstructive path: the affected areas replace by the artificial ones. The replacement of heart valve by the artificial counterpart is a good example.
The work of a surgeon deserves of respect, because he like no one else is always running stretched to the limit in order to save lives and fix people’s fates. In this case emotional overload faced by the surgeon by conducting another difficult operation is difficult to compare with anything. Regardless of the fear, this talented, brave and selfless person must finish the work to the end with a positive outcome. For this reason surgeons deserve huge respect.
The qualities that ensure success of the professional implementation of a surgeon:
|Abilities:||Personal qualities, interests and inclinations:|
|• the ability to analyze, compare facts, think logically (a tendency to logical analysis);
• a high level of voluntary attention (ability to detect even slight symptoms of the disease);
• good development of the mnemonic skills;
• manual dexterity during the various medical procedures (fine motor coordination, precision of movements, etc.);
• quickness of the reaction;
• psycho emotional stability and ability to endure great physical exertion;
• verbal abilities (the ability competently and at the same time available for the patient express his thoughts);
• communication skills (communication and interaction with people, ability to establish contacts);
• skills of written statement of thoughts;
• ability to persuade.
| • independence, self motivation, orientation on the task, immersion in work;
• curiosity, intelligence, originality, creativity;
• self confidence;
• patience and restraint;
• non-judgmental attitude to the people;
• friendliness and amiability;
• aspiration for self-improvement;
• intuition, the ability to predict;
• ability to keep a secret.
The qualities affecting the effectiveness of professional activities:
• inability to analyze, compare the facts, make predictions;
• inattention, distraction;
• low level of development or lack of communicative and verbal skills;
• absence of self motivation, incurious, unwillingness to improve professional competence;
• an emotional incontinence;
• failure to keep a secret;
• mental disorders (epilepsy, schizophrenia, etc.).
Application areas of surgeon professional knowledge:
• health care facilities ( hospitals, health centers, clinics, traumatologic centers and so on);
• teaching activity (medical schools, medical universities);
• research and development activities;
• EMERCOM, Rescue;
• Military organizations, sports organizations;
• private clinics.